30 Nov How it’s made: Electric Box Part Samples
In our other ‘How it’s Made case studies’ we’ve highlighted complex assembly projects, cabinets and POS units, but today we want to show the other side of our capabilities; forms and mass part manufacturing.
Due to our variety of machinery at Constant we undertake a large amount of part and component manufacturing, including shop fitting brackets, drain trays and electrical box parts for customers such as brewery chains, supermarkets and air conditioning manufacturers. This ‘How it’s Made’ is a little different, giving an overview of how we go through the design, sampling and manufacturing process using various form tools, hinged component design, machine and fast bends for an internal electrical box for an air conditioning unit.
How it’s Made Stages and Processes
1: Customer requirements
Our existing client approached us to redesign an electrical box for the internal electrics of a large industrial air conditioning unit. The part composes of a hinged enclosure/lid and a main body unit. In the first instance, our customer emailed their original specification and drawings in PDF and CAD file forms.
2: Our drawings
Our CAD engineer took the customer’s drawings, and programmed them to work effectively on our suite of machines. This job was programmed in Radan.
3: Box casing
The samples were then sent to the CNC Punch Machines to be cut on a sheet of galvanised steel, 0.9mm thick. First to be manufactured in the video is the casing lid. When we produce a sample such as this, we typically make three. One for the customer, one for the CAD team for reference and one spare.
4: Main electrics box
Next on the CNC punch machine was the main electric box. The sheet of metal from stage 3 is rotated, and the punch machine selects the next program.
It first goes through cutting a range of wiring holes, then starts to move around the sheet metal cutting the various forms and sections out. This particular job is quite complex with over 16 tool changes, including a few specialist shapes and forming procedures.
The vibrations seen in the video highlight the force of the TruPunch machine cutting out the larger holes and when it slices down the metal to form the edges of the box. It may look quiet violent but this extremely technical machine is floating on effectively an air bed to reduce factory noise.
Due to our extensive range of tools for our punch machines, we’re able to produce these types of complex components. This particular part involved this range of tools:
- Circular punches; 5mm through to 20mm diameters
- Up form dimple 16x16mm
- Square 15x15mm
- Camlock 10x8mm
- Electrical knockout 20mm diameter
- Rectangles from 6x2mm to 76x5mm
- Corner radius 5mm
6: Bending program
There is no welding involved in this job, but a vast amount of tight, and expertly programmed, bends. Firstly one of our experienced Press Brake Operators programmes the machine telling it all the vital information such as bend positions, order, length of bends and tools to be used.
7: Bending the boxes
The team set up the dies and punches, and gets to work bending the pieces of metal, checking everything is aligned at each step. However, there are several bends in this part that aren’t ‘machine’ bent, more on that later!
8: Fast bends
The client wanted to be able to insert their wires, external components such as capacitors and switches, and fix it to the exterior unit before the final bends were formed. As a result the part was designed with ‘fast bends’ down those edges.
The fast bends look like large perforation marks and are quite simple to bend with a small bit of force from the assembly operator’s hands. The best bit, it saves minutes on the wiring line at the customer’s site because they have better access.
9: Hinged lid
The client wanted to then place the casing lid post assembly at their factory so they could access the wires for maintenance ongoing. To do this it was designed with a simple bolt and nut hinged option. This allows access to the electrics without the need for tools.
10: Samples and production
Once the samples were produced we sent them to the customer for review and approval. The customer determined they required three more electrical wiring holes, and a few more fixing bracket options, so the specification was adjusted accordingly and our CAD team updated the, drawings, revision change register and programs before we commenced mass production.
The sampling / prototype process allows us and our customer to evaluate the design before sign off, and we also can determine the best methods and processes to manufacture the metal work effectively.
Photo illustrates a range of parts we manufactured recently for the client, using the same techniques highlighted in our case study including fast bends and range of form tools.